How to Make a Palm Wax Pillar Candle
For the beginner or experienced candle maker, these instructions will take you through the steps of making a beautifully patterned palm wax pillar candle.
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- Palm Wax (for this candle, we're using Starburst)
- Pouring Pitcher
- Pillar Mold (we're using a 3" x 4.5" concave round seamless mold)
- Mold Sealant tape or duct tape to prevent heated wax from leaking through hole
- Wick (we're using CSN 14 Spooled Wick)
- Wick Bar
- 3 drops of Liquid Dye (we're using Summer Breeze)
- 1 oz. of Fragrance Oil (we're using Hydrangea Fragrance Oil)
- Hot Plate or double boiler
- Cooling Rack (similar to the type used for cooling baked cookies)
Note: The bottom of the mold creates the top of the finished candle. When referring to the "top" throughout these instructions we are referring to the open end of the mold while the wax is inside cooling.
- Weigh out one pound (16 oz.) of wax and melt it in the pouring pitcher using a hot plate or double boiler. Heat wax to 200°F.
- While the wax is melting, thread the wick through the hole in the bottom of the mold and seal the hole with sealant tape or duct tape.
- Pull the wick firmly so that it is centered and straight and attach the other end of the wick bar. Let about 2 inches of wick hang over the open end (top) of the mold which you will trim later.
- When the wax reaches 200°F add the liquid dye. Stir gently but thoroughly.
- Weigh out 1 oz. of fragrance oil and add to the hot wax.
- Remove wax from heat and stir thoroughly but not too vigorously for about two minutes. Do not leave fragranced wax on the heat because the fragrance will be altered or lost.
- Allow the wax to cool to the pour temperature of 185-195°F.
- Pre-heat the mold to about 110°F by placing it in the oven on the warm setting for a few minutes.
- Place the mold on an slightly elevated cooling rack to allow air to circulate on all sides and carefully pour wax blend into the pre-heated and wicked mold.
- Leave the remaining wax in the pouring pitcher but don't put it back on the heat.
- For best results, allow the candle to cool at room temperature overnight.
- Remove the candle from the mold and trim the wick to about 1/4".
Only burn pillars on a designated candle holder especially designed for pillar candles. Don't set candles directly on a table or counter top. Keep candles away from drafts, children and pets. Never leave a burning candle unattended.
Minimal or no crystal pattern: If the candle cools with minimal crystal patterns or with solid bands containing no crystal pattern at all, raise the pour temperature 5° at a time. This wax requires pouring hot and cooling slowly to form the patterns.Shrinking that leaves the candles misshapen: Lower the pour temperature by 5° increments to decrease shrinkage. Candles can be covered with a cardboard box while cooling to protect sides and top from circulating air from fans and heating and cooling systems that will cause parts of the candle to cool too quickly and shrink away from the mold. Holes in the interior of the candle: To do a second pour, wait until the top of the candle is 1/2" thick. Insert a skewer at a 45° angle down toward the center on opposite sides of the candle. Open up the wax by turning the skewer in a small circular motion. Let the candle cool for 1? - 2 hours then pour wax heated to the original pour temperature into the openings. Be careful not to pour all the way to the edge of the mold. If hot wax drips down between the cooled candle and edge of the mold it will be difficult to remove the candle from the mold and will leave a line on the candle.