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Fragrance Note Glossary

Deepen your understanding of scent with our fragrance note glossary. Discover the origins, nuances, and profiles of the notes that describe fragrances. Get ready to elevate your crafting game and impress with your newfound knowledge!

Fragrance notes starting with A

Agave fragrance note icon

Agave

sweet, earthy, green, fresh, watery

Agave is a natural alternative to sugar, used to sweeten, and is described to smell sweet, watery and slightly earthy.

The agave plant is an ancient plant native to the Americas. It's mentioned as a food of the Aztecs and other indigenous peoples of the New World in the Florentine Codex of 1580, and began being exported to the Old World by 1520. Mezcal and tequila are made from agave.

Hibiscus Palm Cactus Flower and Jade Moonflower Nectar Citrus Agave
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Allspice fragrance note.

Allspice

sweet, dry, cinnamon, clove, ginger, nutmeg, spicy, warm

Allspice smells of a whirlwind of spices such as cinnamon, cloves, ginger and nutmeg.

The allspice plant is native to the West Indies and Central America. It is widely used in baking, and is often present in mincemeat and mixed pickling spice. Allspice smells of a melange of different spices like cinnamon, cloves, ginger and nutmeg.

Caribbean Teakwood Ginger and Spice Strudel and Spice
Almond fragrance note

Almond

gourmand, fruity, nutty, sweet, salty, succulent, creamy

A gourmand bitter-sweet note, soft and nutty.

The almond is a species of tree native to the Middle East and South Asia. "Almond" is also the name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree. The fruit of the almond is not a true nut, but rather, a drupe--a type of fruit with a thin skin and a central stone that contains the seed.

Mahogany Shea Hot Apple Pie Gingerbread (Discontinued) Toasted Coconut
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Aloe fragrance note

Aloe

fresh, green, light, watery, subtle, succulent, transparent

Aloe has a subtle, light and watery scent. It is refreshing and adds brightness as well as green facets to a fragrance.

Aloe was known as the "plant of immortality" to the ancient Egyptians since it can grow and thrive in desolate conditions. It was often used as a burial gift, interred with pharaohs in their tombs.

Cactus Flower and Jade Himalayan Bamboo Cucumber Water and Melon White Oak and Vanilla
Amaretto fragrance note

Amaretto

gourmand, almond, liquorice, creamy, sweet, nutty

A blend of creamy almonds with hints of booze. Amaretto offers a gourmand and intoxicating elixir enhanced by pistachio and nutty tones.

Amaretto (Italian for "a little bitter") is a sweet, almond-flavored liqueur first created in Saronno, Italy. Amaretto can be drunk as-is as a cordial or can be added to coffee or other beverages to make popular drinks. In fragrance, amaretto notes add a nutty sweetness with hints of licorice.

Tonka and Oud Sugared Chestnut (Discontinued) Coconut Soleil Vanilla Eggnog
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Amber fragrance note

Amber

warm, sensual, exotic, musky, soft, slightly sweet, slightly spicy, amber

Amber is associated with sweet, spicy, and aromatic notes that are evocative of exotic places, opulent jewelry, and warm memories. It's warmth and subtle sweetness evoke a sense of comfort and indulgence to perfectly match the mood of fall and winter.

Amber is made from fossilized tree resin. Remember the mosquito in Jurassic Park? Used throughout human history for jewelry, medicine, and more, the actual scent we now refer to as "amber" is more of an emulation of the rich, golden appearance of amber as the resin itself has little or no aroma.

Fireside Fraser Fir Leather Red Ginger Saffron
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Amyris fragrance note

Amyris

woody, balsamic, spicy, leathery

Amyris is used in woody and spicy accords to give a warm woody note. Interesting for its reminiscent sandalwood undertone.

Amyris is distilled from a small bushy tropical evergreen tree, Amyris balsamifera, indigenous to Haiti. It also grows wild in the Bahoruco Forest of the Dominican Republic.

Sandalwood Library French Lilac Honeysuckle Jasmine
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Anise fragrance note

Anise

sweet, soft, licorice, mild

The scent of aniseed, rich in anethol, reminiscent of licorice. It belongs to the same family of scents as tarragon and fennel (also rich in anethol). With its sweet taste and unique aroma, anise is instantly recognizable in fragrances. Anise is described as having a sweet, soft, mild, and yet extremely powerful scent.

Star anise is the seed pod from the fruit of an evergreen shrub native to Southwest China. It is commonly grown in China, Southeast Asia, and Japan and is harvested by hand. It is widely used in cuisines across the world and is an essential ingredient in Vietnamese pho and Indian masala chai.

Garden Mint Black Currant Absinthe Black Currant and Jasmine Pineapple Sage
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Apple fragrance note

Apple

fruity, apple, juicy, sweet

Apple is reminiscent of the fruit in all its naturalness, freshly picked in a garden. A lively shot of energy brings vivid freshness and round sweetness.

Apple is one of the most consumed fruits in the world. Malus Sieversii, a wild apple native to the mountains of Central Asia, has recently been shown to be the sole ancestor of most species of the domesticated apple, malus domestica.

Apple Harvest Orchard Pear Black Cherry Merlot Apples and Maple Bourbon
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Apple blossom fragrance note.

Apple Blossom

floral, fresh, sweet, fruity, soft, apple

Apple blossom is floral, fresh, and slightly sweet. This soft scent has a hint of crisp fruitiness and is reminiscent of a freshly picked apple.

Apple blossom blooms are one of the first signs of springtime, so they're often associated with springtime and new beginnings.

Apple cider fragrance note.

Apple Cider

fruity, juicy, sweet, spicy

The scent of warm apples with touches of brown sugar and spice.

Apple cider is unfiltered and unsweetened apple juice. Traditionally, it is served throughout the fall and winter holidays. Apple cider is the official state beverage of New Hampshire.

Brandied Pear Caramel Apple Pomegranate Cider Wassail
Apricot fragrance note.

Apricot

fruity, apricot, sweet, lactonic, floral, velvety, soft

A delicious blend between the velvet texture and the natural juiciness of the fruit. Apricot is a joyful aroma that is creamy, fruity, and luscious.

Apricots were domesticated over 4000 years ago and were brought to Europe by Alexander the Great. In the 16th century, apricots were regarded as having aphrodisiac qualities, and the fruit is featured in a line spoken by Titania as she tries to woo Bottom in A Midsummer Night's Dream.

Apricot Grove

Fragrance notes starting with B

Balsam fragrance note.

Balsam

sweet, rich, warm, balsamic, fresh, woody, resinous

From crushed fir needles, balsam sap has a resinous, fresh, fruity aroma reminiscent of spruce. It's slightly sweet with a grounding, woody character.

The Balsam fir is one of the most fragrant conifer trees, making it the most popular Christmas tree variety.

Tonka and Oud Alpine Balsam Red Berry Balsam (Discontinued) Mountain Pine
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Bamboo fragrance note.

Bamboo

sweet, clean, green, fresh, watery, subtle

A subtle, clean and green leafy scent. It is fresh and watery with a hint of citrus.

The species of bamboo that we know today evolved from prehistoric grasses between thirty and forty million years ago, long after the extinction of the dinosaurs. It then became an important food source for herbivorous animals, eventually becoming a food source for modern humans as well.

Cucumber Water and Melon Fig Tree Black Coral and Moss Himalayan Bamboo
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Banana fragrance note.

Banana

fruity, sweet, mellow

Banana has a deliciously fruity and sweet aroma. The creaminess brings a touch of softness and vanilla-like characteristics.

Most people in the US are familiar with the Cavendish banana, which has only existed since 1836.

Coconut Soleil Banana Nut Bread Peach Nectar
Basil fragrance note.

Basil

aromatic, green, herbaceous, warm, fresh, sweet

Basil's scent is aromatic and refreshing, with slightly spicy and sweet tones. It's a combination of anise, green, and licorice notes.

Basil has a long history of use dating back more than 5,000 years. In modern times, its essential oil is extracted from the leaves and used to flavor foods, dental and oral products, in fragrances, and in traditional rituals and medicines. Native to Iran or India, Basil requires a hot and sunny climate. Basil is an annual herbaceous plant.

Tomato Leaf Black Currant Absinthe Watermint and Clementine Bohemian Rose
Bayberry fragrance note.

Bayberry

fir, balsam, spicy, nutmeg, ginger, peppery, berry

Spicy, fresh, sharp, pungent, metallic note with a clove-like aspect.

If you boil bayberries, they give off a waxy substance that can be turned into naturally scented candles. To colonial settlers in North America, who usually burned animal tallow candles, it was a treasure to burn precious bayberry tapers on Christmas Eve.

Nordic Night Cypress and Bayberry
Benzoin fragrance note.

Benzoin

vanilla, cinnamon, sweet, smooth

Benzoin has warm, balsamic, and vanilla facets. It is sweet and delicate, with a slightly cinnamic profile.

Benzoin is mainly sourced from South-East Asia. This balsamic resin is extracted from the sap of the Styrax benzoin, a tree that grows wild in tropical forests. Locally viewed as having powerful healing properties, it is used to treat skin disorders and conditions.

Cedarwood Blanc Seaside Plumeria Creme Brulee Black Amber and Plum (Discontinued)
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Bergamot fragrance note.

Bergamot

citrus, floral, spicy, dry, aldehydic, fruity

With its citrus, green, floral, and solar notes, Bergamot is reminiscent of the warm Mediterranean sun. Aromatic floral tones enrich the energizing citrus freshness of bergamot and brings a sweet freshness to a fragrance.

The fruit is a cross between the pear lemon and the Seville orange or grapefruit. While bergamot is a key ingredient in modern perfumery, growers still respect ancestral methods, and harvesting is done by hand. The name is derived from the city of Bergamo in Lombardy, Italy, where the oil was first sold.

Cedarwood Blanc Black Violet and Saffron Sage and Cypress Alpine Balsam
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Berry fragrance note.

Berry

fresh, sweet, red fruits, berry, strawberry, raspberry, blueberry, blackberry, musky, powdery

A delicious combination of berries brings a gourmand effect and texture. It is sweet, fruity, and cheerful. The common fruits represented by berries are raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, red currants, blackcurrants, and strawberries.

There are over 400 different species of berries in existence. That's a lot of berries!

Red Berry Balsam (Discontinued) Frosted Juniper Fallen Leaves
Black cardamom fragrance note.

Black Cardamom

smoky, earthy, soft, spicy, bold, aromatic

Black cardamom is bold, earthy, and aromatic. It has a smokey and vaguely camphor-like flavor. This variety of aroma is typically used for more exotic blends.

Native to the slopes of the Himalayas in Sikkim, India, and Nepal, black cardamom is one of the oldest and most widely used spices in the world, often referred to as the “Queen of Spices.”

Black Cardamom and Cream
Black cherry fragrance note.

Black Cherry

fruity, red fruit, juicy, sweet

A rich, juicy, and plump black cherry. Black cherry explores the luscious sensuality of the fruit—a bold and irresistible temptation.

Black cherry (Prunus Serotine), also known as wild black cherry, is found throughout most of the Eastern United States. The inner bark was used to make a concoction to treat colds, headaches, bronchitis, chest pain, and common cough among some indigenous groups.

Black Cherry Merlot Black Raspberry Vanilla Cashmere Plum
Black currant fragrance note.

Black Currant

fruity, tart, red fruit, juicy, sweet, berry

Fruity and tart, the aroma of black currant is similar to juicy dark berries.

Black currant's distinctive dark purple color is due to a type of flavonoid called anthocyanins, which has been associated with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Cranberry Woods Black Cherry Merlot Day at the Spa Black Currant and Jasmine
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Black pepper fragrance note.

Black Pepper

spicy, pungent, fresh, woody, dry

Black Pepper is fresh, woody, and dry. It brings fresh, delicate, and spicy notes to 'masculine' and floral fragrance compositions.

Pepper was used widely throughout human history. Black peppercorns were found in the nostrils of Ramesses II, believed to be part of the mummification ritual after his death in 1213 BCE. After the fall of the Roman Empire, pepper was so valuable it was often used as collateral and currency.

Pumpkin Chai Lemongrass and Verbena Citronella Pear and Thyme Citronella
Black tea fragrance note.

Black Tea

dry, leafy, earthy, floral, sweet, smoky, spiced

Black tea has dry leafy and smoky notes. It brings freshness and long-lasting spicy notes to a fragrance and adds a woody dimension.

China is known as the birthplace of black tea. Until the 17th century, the only teas consumed were green and oolong. It is believed that black tea was discovered when the Chinese started fermenting tea leaves to extend the storage life of tea.

Cinnamon Chai Black Currant and Jasmine Matcha and Bergamot
Blackberry fragrance note.

Blackberry

fruity, red fruit, musky

A velvety blend of red fruity notes and musky undertones. Raspberry and musk notes are perfectly balanced.

Probably originating from the mountains of the Caucasus in Asia Minor, the blackberry was very likely part of the diet of early hunter-gatherers during the Neolithic era. Blackberries were discovered to be part of the last meal of the Haraldskær Woman, the preserved bog body of a Danish woman dating back 2,500 years ago.

Red Berry Balsam (Discontinued) Black Currant Absinthe Rose and Oud Midnight Blackberry
Blueberry fragrance note.

Blueberry

fresh, fruity, sweet, berry, tangy, juicy

Wonderfully fruity, tangy, and sweet with the perfect combination of jam-like and forest nuances.

Blueberries are one of the only foods in existence that are naturally blue in color. The pigment that gives blueberries their distinctive color is called anthocyanin.

Blueberry Cobbler Blueberry Cheesecake Blueberry Cheesecake Lemon Blueberry Crumble
Bourbon fragrance note.

Bourbon

vanilla, caramel, honey, sweet, citrus, rose, peppery, dark, amber, oak, rich

Bourbon is a combination of honeyed vanilla, caramel, and butterscotch. A sweet gourmand with nuanced dark fruits, citrus, and delicate floral aroma.

Bourbon is a strictly American spirit that can only be produced in America. All bourbon is whiskey, but not all whiskey is bourbon. Bourbon must be aged in a charred white oak barrel.

Apples and Maple Bourbon Very Vanilla Butterscotch and Bourbon
Brandy fragrance note.

Brandy

gourmand, bitter, citrus, liquorous, zesty

A rich elixir of cognac. Brandy provides a sweet liquor infused with woody oak tones that intoxicates the senses.

The brandy must be twice distilled in copper pot stills and aged at least two years in French oak barrels from Limousin or Tronçais. Cognac matures like whiskies and wine when aged in barrels, and most cognacs are aged considerably longer than the minimum legal requirement.

Sweet Tobacco Brandied Pear
Brown sugar fragrance note.

Brown Sugar

gourmand, sugary, buttery, balsamic

Brown Sugar is warm and balsamic, intensified by roasted tones reminiscent of maple syrup.

Brown sugar is made from sugar cane or sugar beets. Cane stalks or beets are cut and squeezed for their juice, which is boiled until it thickens to molasses. Sugar crystals settle out of this mixture and are stripped of the molasses through centrifuging and drying. It is grown worldwide and peaked in popularity in the 1700s with the rise of sugar plantations in the Americas.

Hot Apple Pie Brown Sugar and Fig Pumpkin Chai Pumpkin Spice Buttercream
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Butter fragrance note.

Butter

sweet, creamy, milky, fatty

Delicious, dairy, and creamy with a sweet, cultured, waxy, and milky undertone

Who doesn't love butter? People have been making butter for at least 9,000 years. It was considered precious to ancient Norsemen, so much so that they were often buried with tubs of butter to accompany them in the afterlife.

Blueberry Cobbler Lemon Pound Cake Vanilla Eggnog Snickerdoodle
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Buttercream fragrance note.

Buttercream

butter, vanilla, creamy, sugary

Nostalgic and delicious, whipped buttercream icing with notes of vanilla and sugar

Buttercream is a combination of butter and sugar most often used as frosting for cakes.

Cake Very Vanilla Toasted Pumpkin Spice
Butterscotch fragrance note.

Butterscotch

rich, warm, sweet, caramel

Sweet, rich, and delicious with notes of butter and caramel.

Butterscotch is a candy made from brown sugar and butter. It differs from caramel in that it is made with brown sugar versus white sugar, lending the flavor of deep, rich molasses.

Butterscotch and Bourbon Sweet Vanilla Caramel

Fragrance notes starting with C

Cake fragrance note.

Cake

sweet, gourmand, sugary, buttery, warm

Cake often smells sweet with an indulgent aroma of butter and sugar baked to perfection.

The word "cake" is of Viking origin, from the Old Norse word "kaka." Early cakes were similar to bread, enriched with honey, eggs, and raisins.

Lemon Pound Cake Very Vanilla Limoncello Creme
Camphor fragrance note.

Camphor

fresh, aromatic, herbal, cooling, camphor, pine, balsamic

Camphor has a strong and long-lasting smell. It is fresh, herbal, and aromatic with a 'cooling' facet.

Camphor is a common ingredient in many pain balms.

Frosted Juniper Cedarwood Blanc Black Coral and Moss Citronella
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Cantaloupe fragrance note.

Cantaloupe

fruity, melon, sweet, green, watery

A fresh and sweet fruity aquatic note

When you spritz a scent and get an aquatic hit of melon, it’s probably not actually the melon you smell – that so-refreshing summer fruit – but an ingredient called ‘calone’, one of the best-known synthetic ingredients in a perfumer’s arsenal. Launched in the 1990s, calone recreates the honey-like, watery qualities of the delectable fruit, which is a relation of squashes and cucumbers found in Africa and southwest Asia. The availability of this synthetic ingredient has probably helped to shape the trend for aquatic fragrances, as well as for fruity florals.

Honeydew Melon Himalayan Bamboo Cucumber Water and Melon
Caramel fragrance note.

Caramel

gourmand, sugary, salty, caramel, creamy

Caramel has a playful, addictive quality both sugary and salty, delightfully textural with its elastic and mellow sensations.

The caramel note in the perfumery industry owes its development to the success of Angel (Thierry Mugler's first fragrance in 1992) which led to the creation of a new olfactive family named Oriental gourmand or Gourmand.

Pumpkin Caramel Crunch Caramel Apple Caramel Popcorn Coffee Shop
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Caramelized sugar fragrance note.

Caramelized Sugar

sweet, gourmand, lactonic, sugary, creamy, rich

A sweet gourmand, sensual and rich scent. It is creamy and buttery with slight floralcy.

The temperature at which sugar caramelizes depends on the type of sugar and the presence of other ingredients such as water or acid. Generally, sugar begins to caramelize at around 320°F (160°C).

Toasted Coconut Brown Sugar and Fig Sugared Chestnut (Discontinued) Vanilla Chestnut (Discontinued)
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Cardamom fragrance note.

Cardamom

spicy, citrus, aromatic, zesty, peppery, balsamic, green, herbal

Oscillating between hot and cold, sensual and vibrant, Cardamom displays a multifaceted spiciness tinted with aromatic, balsamic and citrusy facets.

Elettaria cardamomum (commonly called cardamom, green cardamom, or true cardamom) is a herbaceous perennial plant in the ginger family that is distributed from India to Malaysia and cultivated widely in tropical regions. In India, green cardamom is broadly used to treat infections in teeth and gums and prevent inflammation and digestive disorders. It is also reportedly used as a treatment for snake and scorpion venom.

Pumpkin Souffle Sugared Chestnut (Discontinued) Saffron Cedarwood Sel de Mer
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Carnation fragrance note.

Carnation

sweet, spicy, floral, clove, bright

A spicy floral scent with a clove-like undertone, bright and vivid.

In modern times, carnations are considered a little basic—think homecoming boutonnières. But carnations have a long history! They were cultivated by Ancient Romans and Greeks 2,000+ years ago, making them one of the oldest-grown flowers in the world.

English Garden Rose Petals Rose and Oud Peach Mango Bellini
Cedar fragrance note.

Cedar

balsamic, woody, soft, cooling, musky

Cedar has a strong woody note, yet is warm and spicy. It is often used in blend with other “woods” to give a rich natural and powerful masculine effect in composition.

Cedarwood oil, extracted from the foliage, woods, and roots of the cedar tree, was widely used in historical perfumery. Ancient Sumerians used cedarwood oil as a base for paints, and ancient Egyptians used it in embalming practices.

Dry Gin and Cypress Fraser Fir Macintosh Apple Alpine Balsam
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Chamomile fragrance note.

Chamomile

fruity, woody, bright, crisp, sweet, aromatic, fresh

A bright, crisp, sweet, fruity, herbaceous, fresh scent with a bitter top note and tea-like facet.

Camomile, or Chamomile, is a common name for several daisy-like plants of the Asteraceae family. It is mentioned in ancient medical writings and widely used for many different purposes. You'll find it often promoted as encouraging sleep and is often an ingredient in herbal teas.

Watermint and Clementine White Sage and Lavender Chamomile Tea
Champagne fragrance note.

Champagne

bubbly, fresh, crisp, fruity, dry, tart

Champagne has an aroma of freshly baked bread crossed with wet limestone. Spices and fruits are often present in different types and brands of champagne and can even represent quality in the wine.

Champagne is a unique winemaking region in France. Ninety miles northeast of Paris, the region's climate, chalky soil, strict regulations, and long history of winemaking combine to produce a sparkling wine that can only be produced in one place: Champagne.

Mimosa and Mandarin Sparkling Grapefruit Alpine Balsam Cranberry Prosecco
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Cherry fragrance note.

Cherry

fruity, red fruit, sweet, almond

A deliciously fruity sweet cherry note. It is sweet and juicy and adds an almond facet to a fragrance.

The cherries we commonly eat are derived primarily from two species, the Wild Cherry (Prunus avium), which has given rise to the Sweet Cherry to which most cherry cultivars belong, and the Sour Cherry or Morello Cherry (Prunus cerasus), used mainly for cooking and jam.

Japanese Cherry Blossom
Cherry blossom fragrance note.

Cherry Blossom

subtle, white floral, powdery, delicate

Cherry blossoms have a sweet and delicate floral scent. It is fresh and subtle with powdery notes.

Bath & Body Works Japanese Cherry Blossom became an iconic fragrance in the US, driving the trend across the market that remains strong today.

Japanese Cherry Blossom Love Spell Frosted Juniper Fig Tree
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Chestnut fragrance note.

Chestnut

gourmand, chestnut, nuts, fruity, vanilla, balsamic

Often conceived as roasted chestnut, with a mellow nuttiness and subtle caramelized sweetness.

Chestnuts growing on the tree look like wood urchins, sporting very prickly burrs with one to several nuts inside.

Sugared Chestnut (Discontinued) Vanilla Chestnut (Discontinued) Hansel and Gretel's House Black Cardamom and Cream
Chili pepper fragrance note.

Chili Pepper

spicy, hot, fiery

Fiery and bold heat can be used to enhance sweet notes with the contrast of an unexpected kick.

Capsaicin is the main bioactive compound in chili pepper that gives its spiciness.

Chocolate fragrance note.

Chocolate

gourmand, chocolate, powdery, vanilla, sweet, cocoa, milky

Chocolate can have both a roasted cocoa bean effect with powdery undertones or a richer liquid aspect with sweet vanilla accents.

Chocolate just might be the "food of the gods." For most of its 4,000-year history, it was actually consumed as a bitter beverage rather than as a sweet edible treat. In 1847, British chocolate company J.S. Fry & Sons created the first solid edible chocolate bar from cocoa butter, cocoa powder, and sugar. Rodolphe Lindt's 1879 invention of the conching machine, which produced chocolate with a velvety texture and superior taste, and other advances allowed for the mass production of smooth, creamy milk chocolate on factory assembly lines.

Chocolate Fudge Peppermint Mocha Sweet Vanilla Caramel
Chrysanthemum fragrance note.

Chrysanthemum

floral, fresh, green, sweet, earthy, herby

Chrysanthemum has a fresh, earthy, and herby aroma with gentle honey undertones.

As well as exuding elegance, chrysanthemums can also be used to repel insects.

Cactus Flower and Jade Himalayan Bamboo Fallen Leaves
Cinnamon fragrance note.

Cinnamon

warm, woody, spicy, peppery, almond, clove, citrus, sweet, dry

Cinnamon is woody and spicy with hints of vanilla, clove, and citrus. It adds warmth to a fragrance.

The bark is peeled from the branches using a precise technique to obtain cinnamon sticks. These are dried for several days to develop the cinnamon’s characteristic tonalities. The bark is then processed in the form of sticks, chips, or powder.

Cranberry Woods Pumpkin Pie Apple Harvest Vanilla Chestnut (Discontinued)
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citron fragrance oil note.

Citron

dry citrus, zesty, fresh, citrus, white wood, bright

Citron presents a fragrant blend of white woods such as sandalwood or birch and a zesty lemon.

Citron is French for lemon. But a citron fruit (Citrus medica) is rarer than a lemon—and not nearly so juicy.

Persimmon Citron
Citronella fragrance note.

Citronella

fresh, green, lemony, citrusy, bright, camphor

Citronella is lemony and camphorous with a fresh, green quality and subtle sweetness.

In addition to its reputation for insect-repelling properties, citronella has been used in traditional medicine for its anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties.

Citronella Lemongrass and Verbena Citronella Ginger and Saffron Citronella Pear and Thyme Citronella
Citrus fragrance note

Citrus

acidulous, bitter, bright, fresh, juicy, sparkling, tonic, zesty

Fresh and bright, citruses include bergamot, mandarin, orange, lemon, lime, and petitgrain.

The Citrus family, historically renowned as “Eaux de Cologne”, is composed of traditional citrus essences such as bergamot, mandarin, orange, lemon, lime, and petitgrain. Ingredients and fragrances from this family are characterized by their diffusive freshness and brightness. Citrus are often combined with floral, chypre, or even aromatic notes to enhance their fresh sparkling aspects. These perfumes, light and fresh, constitute the ideal family for a unisex fragrance.

Fresh Cut Grass Neroli and White Jasmine Saffron Cedarwood Frosted Juniper
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Clove fragrance note.

Clove

spicy, smoky, dusty, cinnamon, floral-carnation

Clove has a spicy, woody and sweet aroma, bringing spiciness and freshness.

Prized for their culinary and medicinal properties, Cloves are the flower buds of Eugenia caryophyllus, a tree native to the Molucca islands.

Pumpkin Pie Apple Harvest Cinnamon and Vanilla Brandied Pear
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Clove fragrance note.

Clover

sweet, honey, floral, green

A sweet honey floral and green note.

Bees are highly attracted to clover, yielding the popular clover honey.

Golden Santal
Coconut fragrance note.

Coconut

fruity, exotic, coconut, lactonic, milky, creamy, gourmand

Smooth, creamy note with addictive freshness and gourmand milky texture of this exotic fruit.

Botanically, coconut is a drupe and not a nut. The term "coconut" dates back to the 16th century. It derives from the Spanish and Portuguese word "coco," respectively meaning "a grin" and "a monkey face" due to the slight resemblance with a human face or a monkey head because of the three tiny indentations on the hairy shell.

Mahogany Shea Mango and Gardenia Toasted Coconut Coconut Lime
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Coconut milk fragrance note.

Coconut Milk

fruity, coconut, lactonic, sweet, vanilla

A deep dive into the delicious creaminess of coconut milk. Intensely wrapping, with vanillic tones and a delicate fruity touch.

Coconut milk is obtained by grating the white inner flesh of a coconut which is mixed with a small amount of water or milk until frothy to suspend the fat present. Then the mixture is strained through a cheesecloth, squeezing out as much liquid as possible. The coconut milk is then refrigerated and allowed to set.

Peppermint Mocha Coconut Soleil Coconut Lime Toasted Coconut
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Coffee fragrance notes.

Coffee

gourmand, coffee, toasted, woody

Intensely gourmand and contrasting, lying between softness and strength.

Coffee beans are the fruit of a small tree cultivated in Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, Mexico, and Kenya, among others. Today, Colombia and Africa are the main producers. The earliest credible evidence of either coffee drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree appears in the middle of the 15th century, in Yemen's Sufi monasteries. Coffee beans were first exported from Ethiopia to Yemen. Yemeni traders brought coffee back to their homeland and started cultivating the beans.

Fresh Coffee Fresh Coffee Hazelnut Coffee Coffee Shop
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Coriander fragrance note.

Coriander

warm, spicy, nutty, hint of citrus

Coriander seeds offer a warm and spicy character. It is multifaceted and displays a mixture of floral and citrusy notes and sweet and fruity notes.

Coriander is a variation of the parsley family. The plant that springs from the coriander seed is cilantro. Coriander is widely used in different cuisines around the world, and the seeds have been found in ruins believed to be over 5000 years old.

Sandalwood Spiced Honey and Tonka
Cotton blossom fragrance note.

Cotton Blossom

fresh, cotton, bergamot, lemon, flower, crisp, air, rose, musk

An airy, delicate, and sublte floral scent.

None of the cotton plant is wasted. While the fiber or "blossom" is the primary purpose for growing, the seeds can also be used as animal seed and for making cottonseed oil, and the plant stalks are tilled back into the soil after harvesting.

Beach Linen Cotton and Iris Ocean Breeze Clean Cotton
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Cranberry fragrance note.

Cranberry

tart, fruity, red fruit, juicy, aromatic, musk, apple, berry

Cranberries have a sweet and tangy scent.

Cranberries are one of the few fruits native to North America. They grow in bogs and have small pockets of air that allow them to float.

Cranberry Woods Red Berry Balsam (Discontinued) Pomegranate Cider Cranberry Apple Marmalade
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Cream fragrance note.

Cream

creamy, vanilla, gourmand, sweet

A gourmand scent with hints of vanilla and warm sugar notes.

The world record for the tallest dollop of whipped cream on a mug of hot chocolate is just over 18cm

Cake Cinnamon and Vanilla Chocolate Fudge Fresh Coffee
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Cucumber fragrance note.

Cucumber

green, watery, salty, aldehydic

Crunchy green and aquatic, cucumber is intensely watery, developing a vivid freshness infused with salty and aldehydic accents.

Cucumber is an herbaceous garden plant from the same family as the African gourd, melon or squash (Cucurbitaceae family); grown for its fruit and is eaten as a vegetable. The plant, which grew naturally at the foot of the Himalayas, was domesticated for the first time in India at least 3,000 years ago.

Cucumber Water and Melon Honeydew Melon Petrichor
Custard fragrance note.

Custard

sweet, vanilla, toffee, custard, creamy, gourmand, balsamic, powdery, marshmallow

A delicious, sweet, and gourmand scent. Creamy with hints of vanilla and marshmallow.

Custard dates back to the middle ages when it was paired with pastry to become a custard tart. The term "custard" is coined from the French term 'croustade' originally referring to the crust of a tart.

Creme Brulee
Cypress fragrance note.

Cypress

woody, green, resinous, coniferous, citrus

Cypress is woody green with a warm resinous character and fresh citrusy tones.

Cypress originated in Western Asia before being introduced to Tuscany, Italy, and the rest of the Mediterranean basin. Young buds are needle-shaped, while older ones have the appearance of green scales. No odor is released, even when rubbed. Branches of cypress are used as a symbol of mourning.

Black Amber and Plum (Discontinued) Fraser Fir Dry Gin and Cypress Woodland Snow
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Fragrance notes starting with D

Dark musk fragrance note.

Dark Musk

animalic, clean, comfortable, longlasting, powdery, round, sexy, soft

Heavier, more sensual musk notes. (see musk)

Traditionally, musks were extracted from animals musk deers and African civets. In modern perfumery, it is possible to replicate these same musk aromas without the need to harvest from animals.

Tonka and Oud Sandalwood Vetiver Library
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Fragrance notes starting with E

Earth fragrance note.

Earth

mossy, damp, musky, peppery, minerality, green

The aroma of earth can be described as musky, damp, peppery, and slightly sweet, with mineral-rich tones and mossy, green qualities.

The scent of the earth has been found to have a calming effect on humans, and researchers have suggested that this may be due to the presence of geosmin, a chemical compound produced by soil-dwelling bacteria that gives the earth its distinctive smell. Geosmin is also responsible for the earthy taste of beets and some other vegetables.

Petrichor Fog and Fern Redwoods and Moss
Embers fragrance note.

Embers

smoky, woody, warm, dry

Smoky and resinous, exuding the woody smoldering warmth of glimmering coals

Embers are the small pieces of glowing, burning coal or wood in a dying fire. They are also known as "firebrands."

Campfire Marshmallow Redwoods and Moss
Eucalyptus fragrance note.

Eucalyptus

green, aromatic, woody, forest, sharp, risemart, mint, honey, citrus, airy

Fresh and herbal, a camphoric note with a sticky resinous bottom effect.

The eucalyptus tree is native to Australia, and are the primary food source of the koala. Eucalyptus essential oil has been used in Indigenous Australian medicine as an antibacterial and anti-fungal agent for centuries.

Red Berry Balsam (Discontinued) Woodland Snow Nordic Night Campfire Marshmallow
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Evergreen fragrance note.

Evergreen

green, woody, pine, warm, fresh, crisp, strong

Warm, woody, and green, evergreen evokes the outdoor aromas of a forest glen.

An evergreen is a plant with foliage that remains green and functional through more than one growing season.

Fraser Fir Blue Spruce

Fragrance notes starting with F

Fennel fragrance note.

Fennel

aromatic, spicy, herbacous, licorice, bitter

A herbaceous, soft, aromatic spiciness scent, similar to anise or licorice.

Fennel is of course familiar to most of us as a food–but did you know it’s also used in creating absinthe, the no-longer-banned-but-it-still-makes-you-dance-on-tabletops French alcoholic drink?

Black Currant Absinthe Golden Santal
Fig fragrance note.

Fig

fruity, green, lactonic, sulfuric

Fig offers a fruity green profile reminiscent of peach and sparked with sulfuric accents.

Botanically identified as Ficus carica L., it is unique in a genus embracing perhaps over 1,000 species, mostly giant "rubber trees", and mostly tropical. In June 2006, it was reported that figs dating back 11,400 years were discovered at Gilgal I, a village in the Lower Jordan Valley, just 8 miles north of ancient Jericho. This discovery makes figs the oldest domesticated crop.

Mediterranean Fig Brown Sugar and Fig Fig Tree White Orris and Sandalwood
Fig blossom fragrance note.

Fig Blossom

sweet, floral, warm, earthy, sensual, honey, spicy

Fig blossom has a sweet, warm, and slightly earthy floral aroma. It's often described as sensual and has a rich, honey undertone with subtly spicy hints.

Fig blossom is the fig tree's flower, a member of the mulberry family native to the Mediterranean region.

Fir fragrance note.

Fir

fresh, piney, resinous, coniferous

Fir is fresh, uplifting, and aromatic.

There are 10 species of fir native to North America. Canada balsam is used to mount specimens on glass slides for microscopic examination.

Cranberry Woods Black Amber and Plum (Discontinued) Fraser Fir Christmas Hearth
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Frankincense/Olibanum fragrance note.

Frankincense/Olibanum

earthy, woody, piney, balsamic, soft, sweet, citrus

With a sweet, woody and balsamic undertone, Olibanum offers a green, terpenic, citrusy, peppery and resinous profile. Sensual and rich, the note is typically amber

The genus Boswellia is used to describe any of the varieties of trees that produce frankincense resin, and is native to the Arabian Peninsula and northeastern Africa. It has been used for a variety of medicinal, ceremonial, and religious purpose for over 5000 years.

Smoked Oud Frankincense and Myrrh
Freesia  fragrance note.

Freesia

floral, linalool, delicate

Delicate flowers with a sweet, airy scent. One of the world's most popular flowers. It brings a nice floral linalool like transparency in compositions.

Freesia was discovered in South Africa, in the Cape Colony. Also known as the “Cape lily-of-the-valley”, the name “Freesia” was been assigned to the flower in 1830 by botanic Ecklon, a collector of plants in South Africa. The name was chosen in honor of his friend, the German doctor F. Freese. Freesia is a symbol of unconditional love, innocence and resistance. The flower symbolises the 7th year of marriage in some culture.

Sea Salt and Orchid Fig Tree Magnolia and Peony Cashmere Plum
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Fruit  fragrance note.

Fruit

fresh, sweet, tropical, spring, summer, tangy, sharp, citrusy, juicy, crisp, ripe, exotic, musky

While fruit is a more general fragrance note, many people understand the aroma that the word "fruit" refers to, and it can be a helpful addition to fragrance descriptions. Fruit is often associated with freshness, sweetness, warm climates, tropical weather, and spring and summer abundance. Tangy and sharp notes are commonly associated with citrus fruits, while juicy sweetness is typically attributed to fruits like berries and melons. We call fruits like apples and pears crisp, reminding us of the "snap" sound they make when bitten or broken in two. Tropical fruits like mangos, pineapples, and papaya are sweeter with a distinct musky aroma.

Some foods that we typically think of as vegetables, like tomatoes and cucumbers, are actually classified as fruits. It's difficult to determine the exact number of fruit varieties because new fruits are constantly discovered, but there are at least over 2000 different fruits in the world.

Fragrance notes starting with G

Galbanum fragrance note.

Galbanum

green, bitter, woody, balsamic

Galbanum is a gum resin that has an intensely green aroma and bitter, woody, balsamic undertones.

Galbanum is derived from the Ferula galbaniflua plant, which is a member of the Apiaceae family alongside carrots, celery, and parsley.

Gardenia fragrance note.

Gardenia

floral, white flower, fruity, green, animalic, spicy

An opulent and creamy white floral signature with a fruity green character and sensual woody undertones.

The common name Cape jasmine comes from the mistaken idea that the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa was the gardenia's homeland. Along with the magnolia, gardenia is a traditional symbol of the American Deep South.

Gardenia Tuberose Mango and Gardenia Golden Hour Pink Watermelon Lemonade
Geramium fragrance note.

Geranium

floral, sweet, citrus, fruity, rose, lemon, herbaceous, warm, green

Floral, fresh, sweet, with a characteristic fruity and rose note.

Geranium is a native of South Africa, where more than 250 wild species of the plant still grow. The first geraniums did not come to Europe until the 17th century.

Black Violet and Saffron Fig Tree White Currant
Gin fragrance note.

Gin

liquor, gin, juniper, citrus

Intensely fresh and aromatic, Gin offers a very rich profile with many citrus (lemon, mandarin) and aromatic (pine, angelica, coriander) facets.

Gin is one of the broadest categories of spirits, all of various origins, styles, and flavour profiles that revolve around juniper as a common ingredient. From its earliest origins in the Middle Ages, the drink has evolved from a herbal medicine to an object of commerce in the spirits industry.

Dry Gin and Cypress
Ginger fragrance note.

Ginger

spicy, peppery, sharp, pungent, aromatic, warm

Spicy, citrus, earthy and woody. Herbaceous, zesty citrus and fruity notes can be found in ginger.

Ginger thrives in the tropics and is grown in India, China, West Africa

Pumpkin Pie Patchouli Honeysuckle Jasmine Red Ginger Saffron
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Graham cracker fragrance note.

Graham Cracker

gourmand, sweet, cinnamon, brown sugar, warm

The classic childhood sweet, baked with brown sugar and a touch of honeyed spice.

Graham flour is a coarse-ground whole wheat flour that's commonly used to make graham crackers as well as some breads and cereals. It is named after Sylvester Graham, a forerunner of the American health food movement.

Blueberry Cobbler Strawberry Cheesecake Blueberry Cheesecake
Grape fragrance note.

Grape

sweet, fruity, berry, juicy

Grapes have a sweet and fruity aroma with a juicy quality similar to berries.

Grapes have been enjoyed and cultivated by humans for thousands of years, making them one of the oldest fruits to have been grown. Grape cultivation can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans.

Grapefruit fragrance note.

Grapefruit

citrus, fresh, juicy, bitter

A fresh pink grapefruit note sparked with zesty and juicy tones. Grapefruit surprises by its dual character: both sweet and acidulous with a bitter green effect.

Grapefruit is a hybrid native to Jamaica and Pacific Isles and is an accidental cross between two introduced species, sweet orange and pomelo or shaddock, both of which were introduced from Asia in the 17th century.

Mimosa and Mandarin Grapefruit and Mint Sparkling Grapefruit Blood Orange
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Grass fragrance note.

Grass

green, fresh, fruity

Grass reveals a refreshing green scent punctuated by sappy and fruity undertones.

The Poaceae family, with approximately 10,000 species and 660 genus, is the most ecologically and economically important of all plant families, including lawn and forage grasses. It is estimated that grasslands comprise 20% of Earth's vegetation. In modern residential areas, a well-maintained grassy lawn is a sign of responsibility in the overall appearance of the neighborhood.

Fresh Cut Grass Beachwood Citrus Sunshine Olive Leaf and Citron
Green floral fragrance note.

Green Floral

green, floral, grass, fresh, tart

Green notes of grass and leaves introduce freshness and tartness in a floral composition, and leave an impression of freshly picked flowers.

Chanel N°19 is one of the most well-known green floral perfumes. The powdery, bright, green floral perfume, created by Henri Robert, commemorates Coco Chanel’s birthday, August 19.

Mediterranean Fig Hibiscus Palm Brown Sugar and Fig Mimosa and Mandarin
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Green leaves fragrance note.

Green Leaves

green, fresh, aromatic, crisp, sharp

Fresh lively and crisp notes that evoke snapped leaves, foliage and green vegetal scents.

The minty, oily or sharp smells produced when you crush a leaf or stem also play a defensive role against some predators. The strong bitter scent works to deter pests like aphids, slugs or even bigger animals.

Mediterranean Fig Cranberry Woods French Lilac Neroli and White Jasmine
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Green tea fragrance note.

Green Tea

aromatic, green, spicy, smoky

Green Tea offers a wrapping and invigorating aromatic breath with some smoky undertones.

Tea first reached Europe in the 16th century, when green tea was brought from Japan to the Netherlands. Green tea is a "true" tea that has undergone minimal oxidation during processing. Sencha ("roasted tea") is the most common type of green tea in Japan.

Green Tea and Lemongrass Matcha and Bergamot
Guava fragrance note.

Guava

fruity, sweet, tropical, ripe, juicy

A sweet juicy tropical fruit with citrus and grapefruit facets

The guava fruit likely originates from Central and South America. While humans have played a large role in its travels, birds and animals have also carried guava seeds. Today, guavas are grown in Florida, Hawaii, and southern California.

Strawberry Guava

Fragrance notes starting with H

Hazelnut fragrance note.

Hazelnut

gourmand, fruity, nutty, sweet

A nutty sweetness reminiscent of chocolate praline flavor. Hazelnut possesses a green almond profile, with dried fruits accents.

Hazel is a member of the birch family of trees. The common hazel is an important component of the hedgerows that were the traditional field boundaries in lowland England. The wood was grown as coppice. Common hazel is cultivated for its nuts in commercial orchards in Europe, China, Australia and Turkey. The name of the species "Avellana" is derived from Avellino, a region in Italy.

Chocolate Fudge Hazelnut Coffee
Heliotrope fragrance note

Heliotrope

Floral, Sweet, Warm, Creamy, Powdery, Nutty

This floral note is warm, creamy, and sweet with a hint of powder and almond.

Heliotropes flower in one-sided clusters that follow the sun as it moves throughout the day. This plant is aptly named from the Greek words for "sun" and "turn," "helios" and "tropos."

Vanilla Orchid
Hemp fragrance note.

Hemp

aromatic, bright, citrus, lemon, lime, green, vetiver, patchouli

Strong, earthy, herbaceous and green that can be very tenacious

Hemp has the strongest and longest plant fiber in existence, and is one of the fast growing biomasses in the world. It can be grown without the use of pesticides, captures large amounts of carbon, and is adept at removing toxins from the soil its planted in. It's no wonder that hemp has been grown for at least 8,000 years!

Vetiver
Hibiscus  fragrance note.

Hibiscus

sweet, floral, fruity, citrusy, green

Hibiscus flowers have a distinct aroma that's sweet, floral, and slightly fruity. It's similar to jasmine with a tangy, citrusy undertone and green quality.

Hibiscus is a tropical plant that flourishes in warm and humid climates. The plant is a popular choice for gardens and houseplants in various parts of the world, as its flowers are available in different colors such as red, pink, orange, yellow, and white.

Honey  fragrance note.

Honey

gourmand, sugary

An addictive symphony of sugary and balsamic tones. Honey is naturally delightful with an enveloping and comfortable texture.

The variety produced by honey bees (the genus Apis) is the one most commonly referred to, as it is the type of honey collected by most beekeepers and consumed by people. Honey is also produced by bumblebees or stingless bees. Dating back to over 40 million years before the evolution of man, Honey is the oldest sweetener in the world.

Cake Red Plum Baklava (Discontinued) Snickerdoodle Ocean Rose
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Honeydew melon fragrance note.

Honeydew Melon

fruity, sweet, melon, green

A sweet fruity melon with a hint of green and floral notes.

Honeydew melons are the third most cultivated melon in the world.

Watermelon Hibiscus Palm Cucumber Water and Melon Honeydew Melon
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Honeysuckle fragrance note.

Honeysuckle

floral, white flower, creamy, jasmine, orange blossom, salicylic

A radiant and delicate white floral note. Honeysuckle develops a generous creamy floralcy with salicylic tones, reminiscent of jasmine and orange blossom.

The Japanese Honeysuckle is a twining vine with bell-shaped flowers that produce a sweet edible nectar. Flowers and dried leaves are of high medicinal value in traditional Chinese medicine. Honeysuckle has become an invasive exotic weed in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and much of the United States.

Honeysuckle Jasmine French Lilac Wild Honeysuckle
Hydrangea fragrance note.

Hydrangea

floral, green, fresh, aromatic, sweet

A fresh, sweet floral with hints of clean, camphorous tonalities.

This shrub is also a wonderful magnet for honeybees, bumblebees, pollen wasps, and syrphid flies. Its inner flowers are fertile, while the more dramatic outer sepals are sterile. In Asia, giving someone pink hydrangeas symbolizes that you are the beat to their heart.

Love Spell

Fragrance notes starting with I

Incense fragrance note.

Incense

aromatic, wood, spicy, resin, sweet, smoky

Incense usually refers to olibanum or frankincense, with a deep smoky note.

The use of incense dates back to Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome. The gum was imported to Egypt from Arab and Somali coasts and used as a fragrance and in religious ceremonies.

Smoked Oud Fireside Leather Woodland Snow
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Fragrance notes starting with J

Jasmine fragrance note.

Jasmine

floral, powerful, sweet, animalic

Jasmine's elegantly curved leaves and delicate white petals provide a floral, sweet, and slightly animalic fragrance. The fragility of this flower's blooms contrasts with the astonishing power of its scent.

Jasmine is a genus of plants in the olive family, Oleaceae. There are over 200 species of jasmine, including both deciduous and evergreen varieties, but the most commonly grown species is Jasminum officinale.

Mediterranean Fig White Tea Honeysuckle Jasmine English Garden
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Juniper fragrance note.

Juniper

gin, aromatic, fresh, powerful, crisp, camphor

Juniper is a woody conifer with an aromatic, fresh scent and a slightly camphorous, gin-like character.

Juniper has a rich history in mythology and folklore. It was believed to have protective and purifying properties and was often used to ward off evil spirits in ancient times. In herbal folklore, juniper is symbolic of fertility and love.

Woodland Snow Frosted Juniper Alpine Balsam Red Berry Balsam (Discontinued)
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Fragrance notes starting with L

Labdanum fragrance note icon

Labdanum

Ambery, Woody, Leathery, Sweet

Labdanum has a balsamic, ambery, leathery, and sweet character.

Labdanum is a sticky brown resin derived from the Cistus plant. Early perfumers described it as "the sweetest-scented of all substances."

Leather and Labdanum
Lavender fragrance note.

Lavender

aromatic, floral, herbaceous, fruity, woody, balsamic

Lavender has a fresh, slightly fruity, herbaceous floral quality with woody camphorous accents. Its soft balsamic and hay-like coumarin notes create an intense roundness.

Bees and butterflies love lavender as much as we do! Lavender's nectar-rich flowers provide an important food source for pollinators. This fragrance flower is such a draw for pollinators that it's used to help increase crop yields in nearby gardens!

Nordic Night White Sage and Lavender Grapefruit and Mint Black Coral and Moss
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Leather fragrance note.

Leather

woody, earthy, aromatic, natural, smoky, velvety

Leather has a smoky, velvety, and woody scent that adds a warm "second skin" effect to fragrances.

We can actually attribute many qualities of leather's scent to the perfumery materials used during the tanning process. Woods like cedar and birch, smoky resins like styrax and labdanum, and patchouli and vetiver were often used to turn the unpleasant scent of freshly tanned natural leather into a more agreeable aroma.

Library Leather Smoked Oud Caribbean Teakwood
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Lemon fragrance note.

Lemon

citrus, bright, clean, sharp, fresh, acidic

Fresh and fruity, lemon notes add a juicy, sharp citrus quality that brightens and uplifts.

Lemon oil became one of the most popular ways to mask unpleasant odors during the Victorian era, when cleanliness and hygiene were highly valued. People grew so fond of lemon's fresh, clean scent that some even carried a vial of lemon oil to freshen up throughout the day, and it was widely used in cleaning products and air fresheners.

Honeysuckle Jasmine Red Ginger Saffron Ginger and Spice White Tea
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Lemon peel  fragrance note.

Lemon Peel

citrus, zesty, bitter, bright

Lemon peel is slightly bitter and tangy. In comparison to lemon notes, lemon peel is less sharp and more reflective of the flavor of lemon without its acidic bite.

Lemon peel is used in a variety of culinary dishes, from sweet to savory, often in the form of lemon zest. Its citrusy quality helps balance and add brightness to more decadent flavors like cream-based pasta dishes or desserts.

Sparkling Grapefruit Strawberry Cheesecake Fraser Fir Citronella
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Lemon verbena  fragrance note.

Lemon Verbena

aromatic, citrus, fruity, green, leafy

A fresh aromatic note boosted by citrus tones, lemon verbena's uplifting green character is reminiscent of lemongrass and punctuated by fruity and spicy ginger-like facets.

Lemon verbena was a favorite herb of Julia Child, the famous French chef. She often used it in her cooking and featured it in various recipes.

Mimosa and Mandarin Blood Orange Lemon Verbena Coconut Lime Verbena
Lemongrass fragrance note.

Lemongrass

citrus, smoked, spicy, herbaceous, green, camphorated

Lemongrass has a citrusy quality similar to lemon, but its undertone is herbaceous and camphorous.

Lemongrass is a perennial plant belonging to the Poaceae family, one of the world's most economically significant plant families. You may be familiar with Poaceae species like wheat, rice, corn, and oats, used for their edible seeds. However, lemongrass is one of the few plants in this family used for its flavorful, fragrance stalks.

Fresh Cut Grass Tomato Leaf Day at the Spa Lemon Verbena
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Light musk fragrance note.

Light Musk

animalic, clean, comfortable, long-lasting, powdery, round, sexy, soft

While still animalic and sensual, light musk notes feature a more clean and powdery profile than dark musk. (see musk)

Light musk is often called a "skin scent" because it mimics the soft scent of clean skin. Slightly sweet and powdery, light musk is often subtle, romantic, and sensual.

Fresh Linen Odor Eliminator Tonka and Oud Cotton and Iris Seaside Plumeria
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Lilac fragrance note.

Lilac

floral, powdery, green, heliotrope, sweet, strong, fFresh

A rich floral with powdery and green notes.

The common lilac (Syringa vulgaris) originated in Eastern Europe. This species and its hybrids were so frequently grown and selected by French nurseries that France became synonymous with fine lilacs, now known as French hybrids.

French Lilac English Garden Sea Mist Lily of the Valley
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Lily fragrance note.

Lily

floral, fresh, green, sweet, bright

A spicy white floral note with sweet undertones.

In ancient Greek mythology, lilies were associated with purity and innocence and are said to have sprung from the milk of the goddess Hera.

Ocean Rose
Lily of the valley fragrance note.

Lily of the Valley

fresh, light, watery, floral, jasmine, crisp, green

Lily of the Valley is a delicate white floral note with watery and green qualities.

Lily of the Valley is often associated with the month of May and is sometimes called the "May Lily" or the "May Bells." It typically blooms in late spring and has been used to symbolize the renewal and new beginnings associated with the season.

Cotton and Iris French Lilac English Garden Seaside Plumeria
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Lime fragrance note.

Lime

citrus, green, acid, bitter

Sparkling and uplifting, lime is a green citrus note with an acidic and bitter citrus profile and deep earthy undertones.

Limes were originally grown in Southeast Asia and brought to Mexico by Spanish explorers in the 16th century. They quickly became a staple of Mexican cuisine and are now widely grown and consumed throughout the country.

Citrus Agave Coconut Lime Hibiscus Palm Ocean Breeze
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Linen fragrance note.

Linen

aromatic, clean, crisp, fresh, laundry, warm, soft

Fresh linen is a clean, fresh scent reminiscent of crisp sheets and the smell of laundry drying in the sun.

The classic linen scent is an ode to when people washed their clothes by hand and then hung them outside to dry. The scent of clean, sun-dried laundry became synonymous with freshness and cleanliness. The first linen fragrances were developed to capture and recreate this scent in the home, even if the laundry wasn't hung outside to dry.

Lush Linen Beach Linen Fresh Linen Odor Eliminator Clean Cotton
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Fragrance notes starting with M

Magnolia  fragrance note.

Magnolia

floral, white flower, jasmine, fruity, citrus, vanilla

Delicately suave, Magnolia seduces with its white floral signature. An elegant jasmine-like heart note contrasted by lemony, slightly fruity and vanillic tones.

Fossil records show that magnolias existed in Europe, North America, and Asia over 100 million years ago, making them one of the most primitive plants in history.

Japanese Cherry Blossom Magnolia and Peony Bohemian Rose
Mandarin fragrance note.

Mandarin

citrus, fruity, bitter, floral, green, sweet, slightly aromatic

Mandarin is a citrus note that is both fresh and soft, with a slightly bitter greenness balanced by floral and candied undertones. This note adds luminosity and sparkling freshness to fragrances, making them more vibrant and colorful.

Mandarin is a vibrant citrus fruit with hues ranging from orange to red, originating from the Southeast Asian regions of China and the Philippines. In Chinese culture, this fruit is considered a symbol of good fortune and is widely incorporated in the festivities of the Chinese New Year.

White Tea Mimosa and Mandarin Blood Orange Citrus Agave
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Mango fragrance note.

Mango

fruity, exotic, green, sweet, sugary, juicy, crisp

Mango is fruity, exotic, and sweet with a crisp texture. This tropical fruit strikes a harmonious balance between green and milky tones, reminiscent of juicy peaches.

Mango is originally from India, where it has been cultivated for over 4,000 years. Over time, this delectable fruit spread its influence to other regions, being introduced to Jamaica, later Tahiti, and eventually making its way to Brazil.

Coconut Lime Strawberry Guava Grapefruit and Mangosteen Mango and Gardenia
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Maple fragrance note.

Maple

gourmand, sugary, caramel, sweet

The scent of maple syrup is sugary, like dark caramel, with salty roasted walnut undertones.

Quebec, a Canadian province, leads the world in maple syrup production, responsible for three-quarters of the global output. Vermont takes the lead as the largest producer of maple syrup in the United States.

Pumpkin Caramel Crunch Apples and Maple Bourbon Creme Brulee Hazelnut Coffee
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Marine fragrance note.

Marine

aquatic, fresh, mineral, salty, transparent, watery

Marine notes are fresh and airy with an aquatic feel. They evoke watery fruits and idyllic seaside imagery.

In 1951, chemists developed a compound called calone during pharmaceutical research. While initially intended for drug use, they realized its aroma closely replicates the sea and later marketed and patented it for fragrance use. Calone contains a formation similar to the pheromones released by certain brown algae, contributing to a fragrance's marine characteristics.

Black Coral and Moss Ocean Breeze Beachwood Moonflower Nectar
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Marshmallow fragrance note.

Marshmallow

gourmand, sugary, creamy, fruity, vanilla, powdery

Deliciously sweet marshmallow blends vanilla, powdery, and fruity notes. Marshmallow is nostalgic and comforting, with an irresistible mellowness reminiscent of coconut milk or pistachio ice-cream notes.

Marshmallow root's gelatinous extract was first used to make marshmallow candy in ancient Egypt. While the candy was said to be reserved for gods and royalty, it was also reportedly used as a remedy for sore throats.

Campfire Marshmallow Orange Creamsicle
Milk fragrance note.

Milk

creamy, milky, sweet, gourmand, lactonic

Milk has a creamy, lactonic, slightly acidic aroma with a smooth, subtle sweetness.

Cleopatra was known to bathe in milk and honey as part of her beauty regimen. In ancient Egypt, milk was believed to have beauty-enhancing properties.

Coffee Shop Iced Gingersnap Lemon Blueberry Crumble Spiced Oat Milk
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Mimosa fragrance note.

Mimosa

green, grassy, soft, spicy, fluffy, heliotrope, powdery

Mimosa is a very green, vibrant floral note with powdery and honey undertones.

The Mimosa flower has a unique mechanism that allows the leaves to respond quickly to external stimuli. It's sometimes called the "sensitive plant" because its leaves fold in when touched or exposed to heat.

Mimosa and Mandarin
Mint fragrance note.

Mint

green, aromatic, fresh, sweet, minty, cooling

Fresh mint offers a natural aromatic, sweet, and leafy note with earthy accents. It provides a green cooling effect thanks to its menthol qualities.

While the most commonly used varieties of mint plants are peppermint and spearmint, there are over 600 different species of mint.

Woodland Snow Grapefruit and Mint Mint Mojito White Birch
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Molasses fragrance note.

Molasses

sharp, bitter, sweet, gourmand, earthy, warm, mineral, brown sugar

Molasses has a sharp, bittersweet smell, similar to brown sugar. Molasses smells warmly sweet with mineral and bitter undertones.

Molasses is a thick syrup used as a sweetener. It comes from crushed sugar cane or sugar beets and is especially popular in Southern American and Caribbean cuisine.

Gingerbread (Discontinued) Hansel and Gretel's House Iced Gingersnap Spiced Oat Milk
Moss fragrance note.

Moss

woody, mossy, earthy, powdery

A woody, mossy, powdery scent. It gives an earthy character to a fragrance.

Moss can absorb and retain large amounts of water, up to 20 times its own weight.

Mediterranean Fig Fraser Fir Tomato Leaf Fig Tree
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Musk fragrance note.

Musk

animalic, clean, comfortable, long-lasting, powdery, round, sexy, soft

Musky notes are animalic, skin-like, and sensual. This popular note adds depth and longevity to fragrances and has a familiar yet abstract, interesting quality. While traditionally sourced from a gland on the abdomen of the musk deer, this practice is now illegal and most modern musk notes are synthetic.

Professor Leopold Ruzicka, a Nobel Prize-winning Croatian-Swiss chemist, analyzed the composition of animal-derived musk and discovered molecules with warm, soft, powdery, round tones. He then became the first to synthesize musk molecules, making it possible to make musk fragrances without animals—a discovery still hugely important to the fragrance industry today.

Black Raspberry Vanilla Smoked Oud Orchard Pear Ocean Breeze
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Myrrh fragrance note.

Myrrh

sweet, ambery, balsamic, smoky

Myrrh is sweet with warm, spicy tones and hints of licorice. Smoky undertones and a distinctly sharp balsamic quality add to its unique aroma.

Myrrh is a natural resin or gum obtained from the bark of trees in the Commiphora genus, native to the Arabian Peninsula, East Africa, and parts of Asia. When their bark is cut or injured, these trees produce a resin or gum, which hardens into a fragrant, reddish-brown substance. Myrrh was traded along the ancient spice routes to Egypt, Greece, and Rome.